The legal industry offers attorneys different types of laws. Some lawyers choose their specialty based on personal experience, values, or a general feeling of wanting to serve the public. When considering starting your own practice, it is important to have at least one niche specialization and add other relevant practices to better serve your clients.
Whether you are interested in different areas of activity, new to the legal industry, or looking to diversify your practice, here is a list of types of law. This is not an exhaustive list as there are different types of laws.
Company law covers everything that has to do with a customer’s business affairs. Corporate attorneys work with a mix of small, medium, and corporate companies to ensure they are operating in compliance with the law. This includes writing contracts, intellectual property, managing and eliminating liability risks, and upholding legal requirements.
Criminal law revolves around those who commit a crime and break the law. This type of law is established by law. A law defines the offense and three elements. The three elements of a crime include the action, the mental state of the individual, and the causation. There are different levels of crime. Offenses, misdemeanors, incoate offenses, and strict liability offenses. The extent of the crime depends on the severity of the crime and different state or federal guidelines.
Defense lawyers represent individuals who are being prosecuted. This includes bail hearings, negotiations, judicial proceedings, revocation hearings, appeals and post-conviction appeals. In general, the criminal justice system is a complex structure of laws that presents various challenges and great opportunities. Defense lawyers are often exposed to high levels of stress due to the severity of a crime and often exhausting investigative hours.
Work & employment
Work and employment are often combined, but there are clear differences. Labor law mainly comprises regulations or mandates between employers and employees. Think fair labor standards, age discrimination in labor law or family leave law. On the other hand, labor laws focus on trade unions and negotiations on workers’ rights.
Another difference between the two is how lawyers spend their time. Labor lawyers may spend more time in the courtroom than lawyers who focus on labor laws. This is because labor lawyers often deal with government agencies.
Family and youth law focuses on issues related to adoptions, child support, domestic violence, divorce, marriage contracts and much more. As in other areas of practice, it may be in the best interests of family lawyers to specialize in criminal law or immigration law. Specifically related to domestic violence or citizenship related to a child.
Healthcare is one of the largest industries in the United States. Health law and lawyers are therefore lucrative for regulating the complex system. This particular area of law is very broad and covers a wide variety of cases. Health law includes medical malpractice, abuse, insurance fraud, mergers, acquisitions, and more.
Lawyers who wish to specialize in health law need to have expertise in various regulations and patient rights. Healthcare is a unique field of activity for lawyers looking to challenge and expand their skills. In many cases, attorneys need to know enough about medical practices to prove or defend a case.
Immigration law specializes in anything related to the citizenship or naturalization of anyone coming to the United States. This includes employment, green cards, visa applications, and more. Obtaining citizenship can be a difficult process, and lawyers provide legal advice to individuals on the steps to take to achieve their goals (permanent or temporary entry). Other areas of law that fall under immigration are asylum / refugee law and immigration law. In some cases, immigration law attorneys need to specialize in criminal law when a person breaks the law and needs to be deported.
Intellectual property law covers issues related to design, research, inventions, etc. made by a company or author. The most common intellectual property rights are patents, trademarks, and copyrights.
Tax laws are set and regulated by the Internal Revenue Service or IRS. Taxes can be a problem for individuals at the beginning of the year, but they can be even more of a problem for companies that operate in multiple companies. Tax law includes income taxes, capital gains, and tax evasion. This law in particular is heavily influenced by the current laws and regulations of the IRS.
The legal industry is a complex structure that is constantly evolving. It is usually in the best interests of clients that attorneys specialize in many types of law. As their practice grows, it is important for attorneys to create best practices and use software to best manage their practice.